SEFCRI region teachers learn to identify reef fish at a special International Year of the Reef teacher training.

Photo: Christopher Boykin

SEFCRI region teachers learn to identify reef fish at a special International Year of the Reef teacher training.

The teachers from the special International Year of the Reef workshop onboard a snorkeling and glass bottom boat tour of reefs.

Photo: Ryan Westberry

The teachers from the special International Year of the Reef workshop onboard a snorkeling and glass bottom boat tour of reefs.

A yellow stingray that was seen on the snorkeling trip with teachers.

Photo: Ryan Westberry

A yellow stingray that was seen on the snorkeling trip with teachers.

This sea plume was one of many octocorals that the teachers observed on the snorkeling and glassbottom boat trip.

Photo: Ryan Westberry

This sea plume was one of many octocorals that the teachers observed on the snorkeling and glassbottom boat trip.

Seafan, smallmouth grunt and great starcoral from snorkel trip with teachers.

Photo: Ryan Westberry

Seafan, smallmouth grunt and great starcoral from snorkel trip with teachers.

  • SEFCRI region teachers learn to identify reef fish at a special International Year of the Reef teacher training.
  • The teachers from the special International Year of the Reef workshop onboard a snorkeling and glass bottom boat tour of reefs.
  • A yellow stingray that was seen on the snorkeling trip with teachers.
  • This sea plume was one of many octocorals that the teachers observed on the snorkeling and glassbottom boat trip.
  • Seafan, smallmouth grunt and great starcoral from snorkel trip with teachers.
map

Lesson Plans and Activities: K-5 Grade Students

Build an Ocean

Source: FKNMS
Lesson Summary: Students will identify basic mangrove/seagrass/coral reef plants and animals and describe this interrelated ecosystem.
Grade Level: K-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.1.L.17.1, SC. 2.L.17.2, SC.4.E.6.3, SC.4.L.16.2, SC.4.L.16.4, SC.4.L.17.4, SC.5.L.17.1
Go to: View PDF

A Chance of Success

Source: Sea World
Lesson Summary: The student will learn about the physical factors that limit where coral reefs develop.
Grade Level: 2-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.2.L.17.1, SC.4.L.16.4, SC.5.L.15.1
Go to: http://www.seaworld.org/just-for-teachers/lsa/i-030/pdf/4-8.pdf

Bubble Reef

Source: Reef Relief - Special Thanks to Rudy Bonn!
Lesson Summary: This activity involves teaching kids about coral reproduction, specifically broadcast spawning, with a very hands-on, and fun, approach!
Grade Level: K - 5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.1.L.17.1, SC. 2.L.17.2, SC.3.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.4,  SC.4.E.6.3, SC.5.L.14.2
Go to: View PDF


Coral: What Portion is Alive?

Source: Coral Reefs: An English Compilation of Activities for Middle School Students
Lesson Summary: Students will comprehend the living portion of stony corals are all on the exterior non-attached surface.
Grade Level: K-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: MA.5.G.3.2, SC.5.L.14.2
Go to: View PDF

Coral Reef Activities

Source: ABC Teach.com
Lesson Summary: A variety of activities related to art, math and geography.
Grade Level: K-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.K.L.14.3, SC.2.L.17.1, SC.2.L.17.2, SC.3.L.15.1, LA.K.4.2.1, LA.1.6.2.3, LA.1.2.2.1, LA.2.6.1.1, SS.4.G.1.4, VA.K.S.1.1
Go to: http://www.abcteach.com/directory/basics/science/habitats_biomes/coral_reef/

Coral Reef Café

Source: Coral Reef Adventure Film
Lesson Summary: Students will simulate the variety of methods with which different fishes on a reef feed. Learn how the size and shape of a fish’s mouth and teeth provide hints about what type of food it eats.
Grade Level: 3-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.3.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.4,  SC.4.E.6.3, SC.5.L.14.2
Go to: http://www.coralfilm.com/CRAEducatorGuide.pdf

Coral Reef Race for Survival

Source: Coral Reefs: An English Compilation of Activities for Middle School Students
Lesson Summary: Students will identify at least three ways corals benefit people; name three natural disturbances to coral reefs and three human induced threats to coral reefs; increase their knowledge on the survival needs of corals; and gain insight on ways to protect corals from human disturbances.
Grade Level: 3-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.4.L.17.4, SC.5.L.14.2, SC.5.L.15.1
Go to: View PDF and View PDF

Dining Out in the Coral City

Source: Shedd Aquarium
Lesson Summary: If you live on the coral reef, you have no use for knives and forks. Students will learn some of the ways reef animals have developed different adaptations for feeding, experiment with some reef animal eating "tools”, and make comparisons between how humans eat and how reef animals eat.
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.4.L.17.4, SC.5.L.14.2
Go to: http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/lesson_plans.cfm?id=41
or http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/search_results.cfm

The Edible Coral Polyp

Source: Coral Reefs: An English Compilation of Activities for Middle School Students
Lesson Summary: Students will review the parts of a coral polyp by building an edible coral polyp model.
Grade Level: K-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: MA.K.G.2.5, MA.3.A.1.1, LA.3.6.2.3, SC.K.L.14.3, SC.1.L.17.1, SC.2.L.17.2, SC.3.L.15.1, SC.4.L.17.4
Go to: View PDF

Egg Carton Coral

Source: Coral Reefs: An English Compilation of Activities for Middle School Students
Lesson Summary: Students will construct models of coral colonies showing many aspects of the coral’s natural history – including the structure of coral polyps and the coral colony’s colonial life style.
Grade Level: K-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: MA.K.G.2.5, MA.3.A.1.1, LA.3.6.2.3, SC.K.L.14.3, SC.1.L.17.1, SC.2.L.17.2, SC.3.L.15.1, SC.4.L.17.4
Go to: View PDF

Growing Corals

Source: Sea World
Lesson Summary: Students will observe the growth of crystals that develop in a way similar to how coral polyps create their calcium carbonate cups.
Grade Level: 3-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.1.L.17.1, SC.4.E.6.6, SC.5.L.14.2
Go to: http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/Coral/gcoral.html

How to Hide in the Ocean

Source: Woods Hole Sea Education Association
Lesson Summary: Students will observe and discuss the advantages of camouflage, then try their hands at designing a well-camouflaged fish.
Grade Level: K-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.1.L.16.1, SC.4.L.16.2, SC.5.L.15.1, SC.5.L.17.1
Go to: http://www.sea.edu/academics/k-12_detail/how_to_hide_in_the_ocean

Making Sense of Sharks

Source: Shedd Aquarium
Lesson Summary: From dark, deep waters to shallow sandy beaches, sharks' incredibly sharp senses make them the ocean's most successful predators. Get a sense of how sharks use their senses. Students will explain how sharks use an integrated system of senses to locate prey and compare human and shark senses.
Grade Level: K-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.K.L.14.2, SC.K.L.14.3, SC.1.L.14.1, SC.2.L.17.1, SC.4.L.17.4, SC.5.L.14.2
Go to: http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/lesson_plans.cfm?id=33
or http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/search_results.cfm

A Marine Short Story

Source: Coral Reefs: An English Compilation of Activities for Middle School Students
Lesson Summary: Students will read a short story on the effects of human impacts on coral reefs, discuss the different impacts, and then write their own story on what we can do to protect our corals.
Grade Level: K-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: LA.1.4.1.1, LA.1.4.2.1, LA.1.4.2.3, LA.1.4.2.4, LA.2.4.2.4, LA.3.4.2.4, LA4.4.2.4, SC.4.L.17.4, LA.5.4.1.2
Go to: View PDF

Read a Fish

Source: Shedd Aquarium
Lesson Summary: Do you know that you can "read" a fish without even using the alphabet? You can learn a lot about a fish just by looking at it. Students will be able to explain how features of fishes can reveal information about them, begin to develop a sense of the diversity of fishes and learn to record their findings by starting a fish journal.
Grade Level: K-2
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.K.L.14.3, SC.1.L.17.1, SC.2.L.17.2
Go to: http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/lesson_plans.cfm?id=40
or http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/search_results.cfm

Reefs at Risk

Source: Shedd Aquarium
Lesson Summary: Each plant and animal is integral to the balance of life on the coral reef. Find out what could happen if any of these organisms should disappear. Students will make a mobile to represent the food pyramid of the coral reef and consider the impact of human activities on individual species and on the reef as a whole.
Grade Level: 3-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.3.L.17.2, SC.4.L.16.2, SC.4.L.16.3, SC.4.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.3, SC.4.L.17.4
Go to: http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/lesson_plans.cfm?id=42
or http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/search_results.cfm

Reef Story Play

Source: University of Miami
Lesson Summary: Students will act out characters in a coral reef play.
Grade Level: K-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.K.L.14.3, SC.2.L.17.1, SC.3.L.15.1, SC.4.L.17.4, SC.5.L.17.1
Go to: View PDF

Remote Sensing and Coral Reefs

Source: NOAA Satellite and Information Service
Lesson Summary: Coral reef and ocean curriculum that includes seven lessons on: Remote Sensing and the Electromagnetic Spectrum, Altimetry, Phytoplankton and Ocean Color, Introduction to Coral Reefs, Symbiosis and Coral Anatomy, Sea Surface Temperature and Coral Bleaching, and Coral Reef Conservation.
Grade Level: 4-6, adaptable to 9-12
Go to: http://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/education/reef_remote_sensing.html

Sea Star Investigations

Source: Monterey Bay Aquarium
Lesson Summary: Learn about sea stars, where they live and how they eat through this integrated set of activities. Hands on activities include learning and singing a sea star song, sorting sea stars to learning about diversity and building a sea star to learn about sea star characteristics.
Grade Level: K-2
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.K.N.1.4, SC.K.N.1.5, SC.1.L.17.1, SC.2.L.16.1, SC.2.L.17.2
Go to: http://www.mbayaq.org/lc/teachers_place/activity_seastar.asp?bhcp=1

Shark! (for Grades K-3)

Source: Sea World
Lesson Summary: Students explore the natural history of sharks and recognize that humans are an interconnected part of sharks’ ecosystems. The student will be able to create an artistic impression of a shark and identify shark body parts; explore ways to measure the size of a shark; portray a shark’s ecosystem; investigate the sense of smell; discuss ways people impact shark populations and make suggestions for how people can conserve sharks; describe what sharks eat; and evaluate how schooling behavior is an adaptation for avoiding predators.
Grade Level: K-3
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.K.L.14.1, SC.K.L.14.2, SC.K.L.14.3, SC.K.N.1.2, SC.K.N.1.4, SC.1.L.14.1, SC.1.L.17.1, SC.2.L.17.1, SC.2.L.17.2, VA.K.H.3.1, VA.1.F.3.2, MA.1.G.5.1, MA.2.A.2.4, MA.2.G.3.1, MA.2.G.3.2, MA.3.G.5.2
Go to: http://www.swbg-animals.org/just-for-teachers/guides/pdf/shark-K-3.pdf

Shark! (for Grades 4-8)

Source: Sea World
Lesson Summary: Students explore the natural history of sharks and recognize that humans are an interconnected part of sharks’ ecosystems. The student will be able to identify and describe various shark adaptations; compare and contrast sharks and bony fishes; use a dichotomous key to identify shark families; discuss what sharks eat; demonstrate the steps of the writing process; create an artistic impression of a fish; and discuss why sharks need conservation and how people can help conserve sharks.
Grade Level: 4-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.4.L.16.2, SC.4.L.16.3, SC.4.L.17.4, SC.4.N.1.1, SC.5.L.14.2, SC.5.L.15.1, SC.5.L.17.1, MA.5.A.4.2, MA.5.A.6.4, MA.5.S.7.2, MA.5.G.5.2, LA.4.3.1.3, LA.4.3.2.1, LA.4.3.2.2, LA.4.3.2.3, LA.5.3.2.1, LA.5.3.2.2, LA.5.3.2.3
Go to: http://www.swbg-animals.org/just-for-teachers/guides/pdf/shark-4-8.pdf

Sinking Races

Source: Woods Hole Sea Education Association
Lesson Summary: Students will build plankton models and compete to see which sinks most slowly.
Grade Level: 2-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.2.L.17.1, SC.3.L.14.1, SC.3.L.17.2, SC.5.L.14.2
Go to: http://www.sea.edu/academics/k-12_detail/sinking_races

Something Fishy

Source: Shedd Aquarium
Lesson Summary: There are lots of fishes in the sea, but not all that swims is a fish. Learn what it takes to be a fish and find out why animals such as octopi or dolphins don’t fit the bill. Students will make a fish print, compare and analyze fish characteristics and identify features common to most fishes.
Grade Level: 1-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.K.L.14.3, SC.3.N.1.6, SC.3.L.15.1, SC.4.L.17.4,  SC.4.L.16.2, SC.5.L.17.1, VA.2.S.1.1, VA.4.S.1.1
Go to: http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/lesson_plans.cfm?id=31
or http://www.sheddaquarium.org/sea/search_results.cfm

Under the Sea

Source: Treasures@Sea
Lesson Summary: Children will create an undersea environment in their classroom while researching interesting facts about their favorite sea creatures.
Grade Level: K-2
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards:  LA.K.2.2.2,  LA.1.6.2.3, LA.2.6.2.1, LA.2.6.2.3,  SC.K.L.14.3, SC.1.L.16.1, SC.1.L.17.1, SC.2.L.17.1
Go to: http://www.fi.edu/fellows/fellow8/dec98//lessons/index.html

Wavy Sentences

Source: Treasures@Sea
Lesson Summary: This activity is to encourage students to be creative in their writing about the ocean. Students will write descriptive sentences about the ocean in up and down patterns, depicting the waves of the ocean. The students then add color and ocean animals creating an exciting colorful language art experience.
Grade Level: 2-5
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: LA.K.4.1.1,  SC.1.L.14.1, VA.1.C.1.1, VA.2.O.3.1
Go to: http://www.fi.edu/fellows/fellow8/dec98//writ.html

Weave a Food Web

Source: Coral Reefs: An English Compilation of Activities for Middle School Students
Lesson Summary: Students will learn about the dynamics of the reef ecosystem and the importance of the relationships amongst the different levels of a reef food web. They will learn how energy passes from level to level, and what happens when one part of a food web is impacted, particularly by humans.
Grade Level: 3-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.3.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.3, SC.4.L.17.4, SC.5.L.15.1
Go to: View PDF

Web of Life

Source: FKNMS
Lesson Summary: Students will use laminated images of reef species, and a ball of yarn, to show relationships between the different members of the reef, and what happens when one part of the "web" is wiped out. 
Grade Level: K-4
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.1.L.17.1, SC. 2.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.3
Go to: View PDF

What’s My Name?

Source: Sea World
Lesson Summary: The student will learn to use a dichotomous key to identify a variety of reef organisms.
Grade Level: 3-8
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SC.3.L.15.1,SC.4.L.16.2 SC.5.L.15.1, SC.5.L.17.1
Go to: http://www.seaworld.org/just-for-teachers/classroom-activities/4-8/pdf/What%27s%20My%20Name.pdf